Types of Wood Used for Wooden Fences


Wooden fences can be a beautiful addition to your home. They keep pets and children safely enclosed, they can add curb appeal, and they offer privacy. However, wooden fences require regular maintenance to prevent rot, dry rot, warping, cracking, fading, and termite damage.

Many homeowners choose a wooden Matthews Fence because of its natural beauty. But the type of wood used in a fence can impact its durability.

Pine is an inexpensive and common type of wood used for fencing. Its soft texture makes it easy to work with, and it can be stained in a variety of tones. However, pinewood must be pressure-treated to stand up to decay and moisture. The chemicals used for this purpose may discolor the wood with a greenish tinge, which is not ideal for homeowners who prefer a more natural look.

Western red cedar, cypress, and swamp cypress are other types of wood that can be used for wooden fences. While these options cost more than pine, they are long-lasting and durable enough to withstand the elements. Cedar and cypress contain natural chemicals that repel insects, while cypress is also resistant to rot.

Though it is more expensive than pine, cedar is a good choice for homeowners who are looking to make an investment. A cedar fence can last up to 30 years, so it is worth the upfront expense if you plan on staying in your home for a while.

Pine wood does not need to be treated before it is used for fencing, but it is prone to warping and shrinking when exposed to the elements. It also does not have the soil resistance of other types of wood, so it is prone to rotting when buried below ground level. Lastly, pine does not naturally resist pests like other types of wood, so it must be treated with chemicals to prevent termite infestations. To add to its drawbacks, pine requires regular staining and maintenance to keep it looking its best.


Cedar is a natural softwood that’s often used in wooden fences for its impressive durability. It’s also eco-friendly, low-maintenance, and aesthetically pleasing. Its vibrant color ages beautifully to silver gray, and it resists both rot and insects more than many other types of wood. However, it tends to be more expensive than other types of wood.

Some manufacturers make wood fences from cedar alone, while others combine it with pine or other types of wood. Another common choice for wooden fences is cypress, which can be stained or left to weather naturally to a grayish hue. Cypress also contains the preservative oil cypressene, per Paramount Fencing, which protects it from bugs and other damaging organisms.

Tropical hardwoods are also popular for their enduring beauty. Cumaru and Brazilian walnut are examples, and both look beautiful stained or left to age naturally to a honey-brown color. Cumaru is a great choice for pool fences because it can be stained to match a surrounding deck or home.

The horizontal rails in a wooden fence do the spanning work and connect posts to each other. They are found in almost all wooden fence styles, and some even have middle rails as well. Rails are made from a variety of materials, but the most common include pine, spruce, cypress, and cedar.

Posts form the foundation of a wooden fence and are the main component that holds the rest of the structure together. They can be made from cedar, redwood, or pressure-treated wood, which may have a yellow to light green hue. They’re usually capped with finials (ornamental caps) to improve their appearance and add an extra touch of style to the yard.


Redwood is a beautiful and durable material that is an excellent choice for fences. It has a deep red color that adds warmth and character to your home, and it complements a variety of home styles. It is also an eco-friendly option, as it is a renewable resource and harvested from sustainable forests. In addition to being an environmentally friendly material, it is also a strong and rot-resistant wood.

Before installing a redwood fence, it’s important to have a plan in place. You’ll need to decide what style of fence you want as well as how long the project will take. It’s also important to prepare the ground by leveling it and removing any rocks or debris. This will make it easier for you to install your fence and ensure that it is sturdy.

The main components of a redwood fence are the posts and rails. The rails should be nailed to the posts with 16-d galvanized box nails, predrilling to avoid splitting. You should use a block underneath the joint to add extra support and reduce evaporation.

Another great feature of redwood is its dimensional stability, which means that it will not shrink or warp significantly when exposed to moisture or dryness. This makes it an ideal material for building fences, as it will not be affected by seasonal weather conditions. In addition, it has a high strength-to-weight ratio, which means that it is extremely durable.

Another important feature of redwood is its resistance to rot and insects. It is one of the best materials for building decks and other outdoor structures, as it can withstand harsh weather conditions. It is also a popular material for fences, as it is naturally rot-resistant and provides privacy for homeowners. It is also a good choice for building pergolas and arbors, as it has a unique aesthetic that looks beautiful in any landscape.


Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) is a coniferous evergreen tree that is commonly used for fencing as well as in landscaping. It is a hardy, resilient wood that resists rot and insect infestation. Its roots are also effective for ground stabilization and erosion control.

As ornamentals, cypresses add a rich swatch of green to a garden. They are also aesthetically pleasing in their natural twisted shapes, or they can be pruned for a more cultivated look. As fences, they are highly durable and cost-effective. They are suitable for both residential and commercial applications and can be used to create privacy barriers, windbreaks, or contain livestock.

A wooden fence is a great way to add an organic feel to your home or business while providing privacy and security. However, it is important to plan carefully before installing one. For example, homeowners should review their property titles to ensure that a utility easement does not run below or near the intended location of the fence. In addition, they should discuss the project with neighbors to ensure that everyone agrees on its scope and location.

Wooden fences are available in a variety of styles, from simple to ornate. They are a popular choice for homeowners and businesses, as they are easy to construct and can be used in any landscape design. In addition, they are safe to use and do not require advanced carpentry skills.

Cypress essential oil is a powerful expectorant that helps clear phlegm and relieves colds, sore throats, influenza, and bronchitis. It also has astringent properties, which help tighten skin and muscles and strengthen hair follicles. Its hepatoprotective qualities help support healthy liver function. Additionally, cypress oil has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It is also a great oil for reducing anxiety and relieving stress.

Douglas fir

Douglas fir is one of the strongest types of wood. It is also extremely durable and resists abrasion. It is ideal for heavy timbers and glulam beams in log homes, wharves, trestles, bridge parts, and commercial buildings. It is also a popular choice for log furniture, as it is lighter in weight and easier to work than other conifers such as spruce or pine.

Douglas-fir grows on a wide range of sites but is most productive on mesic to moist sites. It prefers deep, well-aerated soils that are rich in organic matter and have a medium-to-high base saturation. Soils in the coastal belt are derived chiefly from marine sandstones and shales with scattered igneous intrusions. These rocks have weathered to form deep, fine-textured soils with a moderate pH range of 5 to 6.

The oil from this tree is known for its anti-inflammatory properties and its ability to reduce the symptoms of stress. It is also a good oil for skin irritations and can help improve circulation. Its unique chemical composition makes it a powerful antioxidant, which helps protect the body from free radicals. The oil contains beta-pinene, a constituent found in citrus fruits, as well as several other monoterpenes that are commonly found in wood essential oils. It has a strong, pleasant aroma that holds renewing properties for the mind and body.